Advancing Sustainable Development Awareness in Bahrain through Triangulation Approach
In recent years, there has been a plethora of programs on sustainable development due to the manifest necessity to safeguard various forms of resources for the future stakeholders and to provide a route for development and growth that is rooted on the premise of positive conservation, protection, and continuity. These endeavors for sustainable development were put forward in a methodical process due to the creation of several frameworks for sustainability, deliberate interventions of international organizations, collaboration of various worldwide alliances, and bolstering support systems in various nations. Nonetheless, the implementation of sustainable development programs in different countries is confronted by many challenges that are primarily political, economic, and technological in nature. In the context of the Gulf region, these issues accompanying the local sustainability scheme continue to be bottlenecks of its effective and efficient promulgation. One example is Gulf’s reliance on non-renewable forms of energies and processes to supply global energy needs. This concern has also verity in the context of Bahrain, one of the countries in the Gulf region, where dependence on non-renewable energies is evident and highly palpable.

Given these critical matters linked with the operation of sustainable development programs, this paper provides a framework for reinforcing the efforts of the government on sustainable development awareness in the Kingdom of Bahrain with the use of a threefold Triangulation Approach and with the primary emphasis on the roles of youth, women, and other sectoral levels. The first section of the paper focuses on the lack of awareness among the stakeholders on the basic tenets of sustainable development. A term called Sustainable Development Awareness (SDA) is introduced and described exhaustively in this section of the paper using Bahrain as the local environment. Formulation of this construct is based on the conceptualizations available in both theoretical and empirical literature. The second section of the paper builds a discourse that centers on the specific actions that are needed to be undertaken in order to address the current status of Bahrain in terms of its Sustainable Development Awareness. Using the Triangulation Approach (TA), the aforesaid measures are tackled considerably. Planning, implementation, and assessment are the integral processes of the Triangulation Approach. In the said approach, the role of the youth, women, and the other sectors in the promotion of Sustainability Awareness Literacy is given foremost significance. An integral part to the TA is the inclusion of cohesive elements such as the integration of ICT, the development of a research culture, and the mainstreaming of the national goals of sustainability to the smallest units of society. The last section of the paper offers a discussion on the anticipated challenges in the future utilization of the aforesaid approach. Diverse sectoral implications on the advancement of Sustainable Development Awareness among various stakeholders of the Bahrain community are clarified in the final section of the paper.
September 2017
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