Despite the fact that the thirty-second regular session of the Arab League, held on May 21, 2023, in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, appeared to be a routine Arab summit, it took place under extraordinary circumstances. This compelled Arab leaders to make significant and non-traditional decisions, most notably the readmission of Syria to its seat in the Arab League. This decision reflects a strategic Arab vision for the concept of Arab national security, as well as regional security in the context of current regional and global transformations.
While emphasizing its role as an Arab solidarity summit, questions arise about the impact of the summit’s outcomes on the regional security system. First: What is the concept of regional security and how has it evolved over the past decades? Second: What are the aspects of the impact of global security on regional security? Third: Who are the stakeholders and partners in regional security from the Arab perspective? Fourth: What are the Arab mechanisms to confront regional security threats in light of the summit’s outcomes?
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Dr. Ashraf Keshk, Senior Research Fellow