Despite the existence of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which was established in 1949 after World War II and still remains the primary guarantee of security for European countries, those nations still dream of establishing a European security identity. Although the European Union began as an economic community called the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951, consisting of six countries at the time, the challenges that Europe has faced in recent decades have prompted these countries to seriously consider establishing a European security identity. Given the immense security challenges posed by the Ukrainian crisis on European security, the question is whether these countries will succeed in establishing such a mechanism. The answer to that question forms the core of this article…..
Dr. Ashraf Keshk, Senior Research Fellow