Quantum computers are among the contemporary applications witnessing remarkable progress in recent years, particularly due to the theoretical aspect rooted in what is known as quantum physics. Quantum physics began in 1900 with the German physicist Max Planck, and since then, scientific efforts have continued, significantly altering the shape of traditional physics. It views matter as composed of waves and particles intertwined. Despite its ability to explain many natural phenomena, some mysteries still accompany certain details, leading one of the pioneers of quantum physics, Richard Feynman, to say, ‘Quantum mechanics is the theory that everyone uses and no one understands at all.’
Apart from the scientific principles underlying what is called quantum computing, it currently demonstrates promising capabilities to perform complex calculations at a remarkable speed, in addition to the possibility of being more energy-efficient compared to traditional computers. Recently, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) announced its first strategy related to quantum, addressing how to apply this technology in defense and security fields. This underscores the global interest in these promising applications, which are expected to play a pivotal role in transforming various sectors in line with upcoming challenges.
This technology has enabled us to develop advanced algorithms and new methods to create what is known as quantum batteries, one of the most promising applications in energy storage. These computers can also seamlessly integrate renewable energy sources with electrical grids, predicting weather conditions and rapidly adjusting electricity consumption to enhance the stability of power networks and maximize the use of clean energy resources. Additionally, these devices are expected to play a significant role in simulating the properties of different materials and developing their ability to conduct and withstand heat, contributing to the creation of suitable materials for sustainable energy applications.
It is worth noting that despite the progress made in this field, there are still multiple challenges. For example, difficulties in designing devices, especially memory that can efficiently encrypt data, and the sensitivity of quantum computing operations to external effects such as temperature fluctuations. These challenges, among others, do not diminish the importance of this technology, which is evolving rapidly today. It is crucial for our Arab countries to accelerate the development of this technology and integrate it into our national plans towards sustainability, especially in the sectors of energy efficiency and addressing environmental challenges.
Note: This article has been automatically translated.
Source: Alwatan News
Dr. Abdulla Alabbasi, Director of the Energy and Environment Program